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Trump, Modi call on Pakistan to stem terrorist attacks

AFP | AP | Reuters

US President Donald Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi embraced each other as friends and partners Monday, vowing to work more closely on combating terrorism, the war on Afghanistan and defence cooperation.

The two leaders called on Pakistan to ensure that its territory is not used to launch terrorist attacks on other countries, a statement from the White House said.

Trump and Modi also “called on all nations to resolve territorial and maritime disputes peacefully and in accordance with international law,” the statement said.

Addressing a small audience at the White House following a bilateral meeting with senior members of their administrations, Trump said both the US and India have been affected by the “evils of terrorism” and the “radical ideology that drives them.”

While Trump’s relations with some traditional allies had a rocky start, he and Modi appeared to strike up an immediate rapport in their first meeting, exchanging hugs in the White House Rose Garden in front of reporters.

While there were no major announcements, Trump’s administration confirmed it had given the green light to the $366 million sale of a transport carrier to India, along with a separate purchase of around 20 drones.

The United States has become the leading supplier of defense equipment to India, signing contracts worth more than $15 billion since 2008.

Modi and Trump pledged their quest for economic growth would strengthen rather than undermine ties between the world’s two largest democracies.

“I would say the relationship between India and the United States has never been stronger, has never been better,” Trump told a beaming Modi as they made statements.

“I look forward to working with you, Mr prime minister, to create jobs in our countries, to grow our economies and to create a trading relationship that is fair and reciprocal.”

After Trump said it was “important that barriers be removed to the export of US goods into your markets and that we reduce our trade deficit with your country,” Modi said India was becoming an easier place for American companies to do business.

“We consider the United States as our primary partner in India’s socio-economic transformation in all our flagship programs and schemes,” he added.

“I’m sure that convergence between my vision for a new India and President Trump’s vision for ‘Making America Great Again’ will add a new dimension to our cooperation,” added Modi, in reference to Trump’s signature campaign slogan.

Any differences over issues such as immigration and climate change were kept behind closed doors.

‘New strength’

Commentators had predicted that Trump and Modi would find much in common, with both men having won power by portraying themselves as establishment outsiders.

Both men are prolific users of social media, something Trump joked about with his guest.

“We’re believers, giving the people… the opportunity to hear directly from their elected officials and for us to hear directly from them,” said Trump.

Modi in turn made Trump smile by hailing the property tycoon’s reputation as dealmaker.

“I’m sure that… your vast and successful experience in the business world will lend an aggressive and bold agenda to our relations.”

Their warm words extended into the evening, when Modi became the first foreign leader to enjoy a White House dinner since Trump came to power.

“We enjoy a wonderful relationship, but it’s never been better than it is today,” Trump told Modi at the dinner.

While ties with some allies have been strained by Trump’s complaints that Washington has been the loser in trade agreements, Modi appears sensitive to his host’s emphasis on transactional diplomacy.

India is currently the world’s fastest growing major economy, a status that Modi is hoping to cement by drawing in more foreign investment ─ in part by encouraging manufacturers to do business in Asia’s third-largest economy.

Busy day of meetings

Ahead of his talks with Trump, Modi met with Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.

The State Department later announced that it was slapping sanctions on a senior figure in the Kashmiri separatist group Hizb-ul-Mujahideen.

The designation of Syed Salahuddin as a global terrorist marks a diplomatic victory for India, which has been battling a decades-long insurgency by separatist groups in Kashmir.

US-India relations were generally cool until the 1990s, but they warmed under Trump’s predecessor Barack Obama as India sought greater foreign investment and trade ties.

Shortly after Trump’s election, obstacles emerged on issues such as trade and visas for Indians wanting to work in the United States.

Trump then accused India of seeking to profit from the Paris climate accord as he announced the US withdrawal from the deal this month.

A proposed overhaul of H-1B visas ─ used by thousands of Indian software engineers to work in the United States ─ has caused concern in New Delhi.

But Indian officials have downplayed those differences, insisting that Modi was alert to Trump’s concerns over jobs and trade.

Afghanistan on agenda

Regional security did feature in the talks, including on Afghanistan, as Washington considers deploying up to 5,000 extra troops to help local forces fighting insurgent groups.

Trump said he wanted to “thank the Indian people” for their contribution to helping development in Afghanistan.

Modi in turn said India “would maintain close consultation and communication with the US” to achieve the joint goal of “peace and stability.”

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